Everything You Need to Know About Cystoid Macular Edema


Cystoid macular edema is a disorder that affects the central retina or macula. Here, the experts at Lehigh Eye Specialists will highlight everything you need to know about this condition.

What is Cystoid Macular Edema?

Cystoid macular edema is a condition in which fluid builds up in cyst-like areas in the macula. These cystoid areas can cause vision to become unfocused and blurry, while colors may appear faded. 

The macula is located in the center of the retina. It makes up the center of a person’s vision and is a critical area when it comes to visual acuity. However, the macula can become swollen with edema fluid. When this occurs, the fluid typically combines in cyst-like patterns.

Cystoid Macular Edema Symptoms

What Are the Symptoms of Cystoid Macular Edema?

As noted above, the main symptom of cystoid macular edema is distorted or blurred vision. For people with this condition, images may appear blurry or wavy, with colors appearing less bright or faded.

This condition may affect both eyes simultaneously or just one eye. It is worth noting that cystoid macular edema can also be asymptomatic, meaning that there are no symptoms.

Some of the causes of cystoid macular edema include diabetes, injury to the eye, inflammation of the eye, age-related macular degeneration, blockage in veins of the retina, eye surgery, and side effects of medications.

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Cystoid Macular Edema Treatment Options

There are several tests available to diagnose this condition. These include optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescein angiography (FA).

An eye specialist can recommend the right treatment option for a person with cystoid macular edema based on the symptoms and the cause. Common treatment options for cystoid macular edema include steroid treatments, anti-VEGF drugs, eye drops, vitrectomy surgery, and laser treatment. Lehigh Eye Specialists is the trusted choice for the effective treatment of cystoid macular edema.

It is important that patients return to their eye doctor on a regular basis following treatment to ensure that it does not come back. 

If you are a doctor, it is recommended that you refer a patient suspected of having this condition to a retina specialist, such as Lehigh Eye Specialists.


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